Modeling the impacts of Combined Sewer Overflows on the rive Seine water quality.

Titre
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsEven, S, Mouchel, J-M, Servais, P, Flipo, N, Poulin, M, Blanc, S, Chabanel, M, Paffoni, C
JournalThe Science of the Total Environment
Volume375
Start Page140
Pagination11
Date Published04/2007
Mots-cléscombined sewer overflow, european framework directive on water, oxygen, river seine, water quality, water quality modelling
Abstract
To achieve the objectives of the European Water Framework Directive (EWFD), the Seine basin Water Authority has constructed a number of prospective scenarios forecasting the impact of planned investments in water quality. Paris and its suburbs were given special attention because of their impact on the river Seine. Paris sewer system and overflow control is of major concern in future management plans. The composition and fate of the urban effluents have been characterized through numerous in situ samplings, laboratory experiments and modelling studies. The PROSE model was especially designed to simulate the impact on the river of both permanent dry-weather effluents and of highly transient Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO). It was also used to represent the impact of Paris at large spatial and temporal scales. In addition to immediate effects on oxygen levels, heavy particulate organic matter loads that settle downstream of the outlets contribute to permanent oxygen consumption. Until the late 90s, the 50 km long reach of the Seine inside Paris was permanently affected by high oxygen consumption accounting for 112% of the flux upstream of the city. 20% of this demand resulted from CSO. However, the oxygenation of the system is strong due to high phytoplankton activity. As expected, the model results predict a reduction of both permanent dry-weather effluents and CSOs in the future that will greatly improve the oxygen levels (concentrations higher than 7.3 mgO2 L- 1, 90% of the time instead of 4.0 mgO2 L- 1 in the late 90s). The main conclusion is that, given the spatial and temporal extent of the impact of many CSOs, water quality models should take into account the CSOs in order to be reliable.
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.12.007