Atmospheric fate of phthalate esters in an urban area (Paris-France)

Titre
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsTeil, M-J, Blanchard, M, Chevreuil, M
JournalScience of The Total Environment
Volume354
Start Page212
Pagination11
Date Published02/2006
Mots-clésatmosphère, bulk deposition, phthalate esters, physico-chemical parameters, rain water
Abstract
The previous termatmospheric fatenext term of six previous termphthalate estersnext term was investigated in the previous termurban areanext term of Paris (France). Total previous termatmosphericnext term levels (ng m-3) were as follows: DMP, 0.5; DEP, 10.7; DnBP, 22.2; BBP, 4.6; DEHP, 18.9; and DnOP, 0.5 ng m-3, showing a predominance of DnBP and next, DEHP. They are mainly present in the vapour phase, from 93.8% to 64.9%, particularly for the previous termestersnext term with alkyl chain length of less than six C. An inverse correlation was found between the vapour phase concentrations and the molecular weight and also a direct correlation between the vapour phase concentrations and the log [vapour pressure] of the compounds. Seasonal variations were displayed by principal component analysis (PCA), due to significant correlation between previous termphthalatenext term concentrations and air temperature. Rain water concentrations (ng L-1) were as follows: DMP, 116; DEP, 333; DnBP, 592; BBP, 81; DEHP, 423; and DnOP, 10. PCA analysis showed a seasonal variation of these concentrations correlated to the air temperature. The experimental water/air scavenging ratio was calculated and was in accordance with the theoretical one obtained from the vapour pressure and the Henry’s law constant for each previous termphthalate ester.next term The global trend was a decrease of the washout coefficient in relation with the rise of alkyl chain length. Yearly balances for rainwater and bulk deposition allowed the estimation of dry deposits that represented about half of total. Our findings highlight the major part played by particles in previous termatmosphericnext term deposition processes.
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.12.083